Knowledge harvesting and sharing through a writeshop process

Israel Bionyi Nyoh

A workshop to review completed projects on ICT-enabled services held by CTA in Wageningen, the Netherlands from June 28 to July 1 2016, documented the writeshop approach as a good practice to promote knowledge gathering, packaging, and sharing.

In the business of development, knowledge is capital. Emphasis is often laid on relevance, effectiveness and efficiency, impact, and sustainable as a yardstick for evaluating development assistance and projects. Every evaluation process is systematically dependent on knowledge mined from project reports, articles briefs, interviews, and surveys. Poor communication on project actions, outputs, and outcomes on any platform can fail the project in the eyes of evaluators, donors, partners, and enthusiasts. Communication and knowledge management(KM) are therefore crucial in the life cycle of development projects. This may explain why international development agencies, multilateral institutions, and think tanks (examples: DFID, World Bank, UNDP, DEVCO, and USAID) insist knowledge management and communication are included in nearly all their projects.

Communication strengthens visibility in project reports and other knowledge products, making it persuasive, readable, and factual. But communication is one of the numerous tools that make up the KM family. Before communicating, an important process takes place, called ‘knowledge harvesting’. ‘Knowledge harvesting is a structured process of identifying and capturing vital implicit knowledge, transforming it to explicit. It uses a variety of approaches, including relating a story, interview, coaching, writing, and documenting. Through these techniques, projects can generate a variety of information to communicate using various formats to different audiences.

Origin of the writeshop process

In 1987 the term writeshop was coined to describe a flexible process, similar to ‘knowledge harvesting, which facilitates knowledge capturing and packaging for communication simultaneously. It was developed by the International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR) during a workshop to produce a kit for “Regenerative Agriculture Technology” in the Philippines. It is defined as “a participatory way of packaging knowledge over a short period”. It helps document tacit “experiential” knowledge (which exists within our minds, invisible to others) turning it to explicit (exists in a visible form and explicable to others), by making it understandable and thus, more easily usable. This process is essential in improving communication materials and knowledge products. The writeshop approach is being used by many development organisations today to produce publications and other communication resources for various audiences.

The approach in practice

CTA’s KM team familiarised itself and experimented in combining other KM techniques with the writeshop process during the ‘Experience Sharing on the implementation of ICT4Ag projects’ writeshop organised by CTA from 28 June to 1 July in Wageningen, the Netherlands.

The writeshop brought together partners from Burkina Faso, Ghana, The Netherlands, Sudan, Trinidad and Tobago, and Uganda, who had been involved in 7 CTA funded projects on ICT for agriculture. The projects aimed at exploring viable models for scaling up ICT-based services within the agricultural sector through prototype activities across African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) countries in order to stimulate their adoption. The writeshop process consisted of bringing pairs of ICT service providers and beneficiary to share their stories.

Writeshop principles

The 4-day writeshop was guided by three principles: planning beforehand, adapting the process as it unfolds and having fun, as described by the workshop facilitator, Paul Mundy, development communications specialist.

Planning ahead

All parties began working several months before the meeting. One month before the meeting, the facilitation team engaged collaborations with participants. Writing templates for project reports, data forms, and meeting programme was shared. A collaboration platform (Dropbox) was used for drafting, editing, versioning, and storage. Participants further learned to include project reports, testimonials, and images from the field on the platform online. The facilitator also prepared his team of co-facilitators and co-editors, writeshop materials, and carefully created a mental map of the workshop process with the team.

Adjusting the writeshop approach as you go

Several methods introduced during the writeshop transformed the knowledge harvesting meeting into knowledge sharing sessions. Facilitators adapted the Business Model Canvas and the brainstorming method, gathering information from participants, while giving room for an elevator pitch on the business model of each project. The world cafe, fishbowl and after action review techniques catalysed transversal analysis and documentation of lessons from the different projects and facilitated knowledge sharing in all the sessions.

Having fun

Writing lessons tooled participants with skills to rewrite their project reports in a particular style. Continuous coaching throughout the writing process and peer reviews made sessions reflexive and interactive. Participants enjoyed critiquing and learning from each other’s work. The writeshop used two languages: French and English for facilitation. Participants wrote in their preferred languages and received editorial clinics on writing with Paul. The mix of dynamic activities adapted to the context kept up participant’s enthusiasm from day 1 to 4.

The writeshop provided a wide range of information for packaging on the ICT projects. It equally enhanced the project reports, making it persuasive, clear, and accurate. The experience further demonstrated that the writeshop approach is multi-dimensional, providing many diverse tools and approaches that serve the purpose of KM and communication at the same time.

The writeshop process is now identified as one of the approaches that will apply to CTA’s project on experience capitalization. CTA had used the approach before to produce quality communication materials on projects.

Find more about


The writeshop process
Ways to produce information materials
CTA’s writeshop on potential of ICTs in agriculture

KM tools

Implicit(tacit) and explicit knowledge
World Café
Peer Review
After Action Review

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